The middle spectrum layer, or mid-band of 5G is the “capacity layer,” which operates in the 2 GHz to 7 GHz spectrum range balances medium 5G capacity with medium propagation. These characteristics demonstrate why the mid-band spectrum is one of the most widely used globally as 5G networks are rolled out.
The terms C-Band and mid-band are referenced interchangeably, but C-Band is actually a subset of the mid-band range. According to the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), C-Band operates in band n77, band n78, and band n79. Most European and Asian countries currently use n78, which stretches from 3.3 to 3.8 GHz. The U.S. will use n77, a larger band from 3.3 to 4.2 GHz, however U.S. providers using C-Band are currently operating within 3.7 – 3.98 GHz.
Mid-band and C-Band 5G offer a balance of speed, capacity, coverage, and propagation that works with bandwidth intensive and latency-sensitive use cases such as: